Magazine
12/12/2019

Discovered a section of Via Augusta in Baetulo

The construction of a new residential building by the developer BeCorp, in the neighborhood of Coll i Pujol, in Badalona, has exposed the route of the Via Augusta in the Roman city of Baetulo. The archaeological intervention began last August and will end at the beginning of December, under the direction of archaeologist Mikel Soberón of the Global Geomatics company, with the supervision of the Badalona Museum and the Archaeological Service of the Generalitat de Catalunya.

Via Augusta, which is one of the oldest in Hispania, connected the main cities from Cádiz to Narbonne, where it connected with other roads that led to the center of the Empire. The most important reform, and which gave it the name by which it is known, was made under the mandate of Augustus in the last years of the s. I BC, although it started from a pre-existing route known as Via Heraclea, and that had been a key infrastructure for the Romanization of the peninsula. The discovered section, located 350 meters from the western gate of the city, is about 40 meters long and has a width of 5.5 meters. Although it is still under study, the chronology of the oldest pavements in this section, place us in the first half of the 1st century BC, when the city of Baetulo was founded.

In addition to the road, several buildings have been documented that mark an occupation of this space from the first century BC to the s. V-VI AD, and therefore make a very relevant set to know the western suburbium of the city of Baetulo, and the settlement of its territory. It is a building for metallurgical workshops of late Republican time, a funerary enclosure of the s. AD, and finally a monumental building and a funerary mausoleum at the end of the s. IV-V.

It has been determined that a section of the road will be preserved, given its importance for the understanding of the territory and the historical evolution of the city of Baetulo, as well as for its heritage value in relation to the Romanization of Catalonia. The absidal building of the V-VI century will also be preserved, given its enormous uniqueness. The BeCorp promoter will be responsible for integrating this set into the new floor building and will transfer it to the City Council so that in the future it can be part of the Museum’s visitable spaces.